Liver Specialist Hamilton - The liver is a very important organ which carries our various functions in the body including: protein synthesis, detoxification, and the production of biochemicals that are essential for digestion. For the survival of the body, the liver is required. Liver dialysis may be used for short term but there is no way to function without a liver for long term.
The liver plays a major role in plasma protein synthesis, glycogen storage, the decomposition of red blood cells, hormone production and detoxification. It is found in the abdominal-pelvic region of the tummy, below the diaphragm. The liver is responsible for producing bile. This is an alkaline compound that emulsifies lipids to help in digestion. The tissues which make the liver are highly specialized. They regulate a large amount of high volume biochemical reactions, including the breakdown and synthesis of complex and small molecules.
The liver is an amazing organ in the way that it is the only internal human organ that is capable of natural regeneration. It only takes as little as 25% of a liver to regenerate into a whole liver. This is considered to be compensatory growth rather than true regeneration. Hence, the lobes of the liver which are taken out do not grow again, and the growth of the liver is a restoration of function and not original form. In true regeneration, both the original form and function are restored.
Diseases of the Liver
As the liver supports almost every organ in the body and is vital to its survival, the liver is prone to different diseases, particularly due to its strategic location and multidimensional functions. Some of the most common liver sicknesses consist of: cirrhosis, alcohol damage, hepatitis A, B, C, and E, fatty liver, cancer and tumors and damage caused by heavy use of medications, especially cancer drugs and acetaminophen, also called paracetamol.
Many sicknesses of the liver are accompanied by jaundice because the increased levels of bilirubin in the body will normally result from the breaking up of the haemoglobin of dead red blood cells. Usually, the liver gets rid of bilirubin from the blood and excretes it through bile. Illnesses that affect liver function will result in derangement of these processes. Fortunately, the liver has a large capability to regenerate and also has a large reserve capability. Usually, the liver just shows signs after extensive damage has occurred.
The classic symptoms of liver damage includes: dark urine when bilirubin mixes along with the urine, and pale stool when there is an absence of brown pigment stercobilin. The pigment likewise comes from bilirubin metabolites that are processes within the liver. Jaundice is the yellow tinge on the skin or the white of the eyes which happens where bilirubin deposits on the skin. This results in an intense itching sensation which is the most common complaint by individuals suffering liver failure.
Excessive fatigue occurs as a result of a generalized loss of minerals, nutrients and vitamins. Swelling in the ankles, feet and abdomen takes place because the liver fails to make albumin. Easy bruising and bleeding are other signs. Substances that help to prevent bleeding are produced in the liver, thus, when liver damage is present, these substances are no longer available and severe bleeding can result.
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